English is used all over the world naturally, but is it used without any sacrifices? There are a lot of languages and cultures which disappeared because of a wide spread of English. With Japan at the head of the list, there are so many countries that set English as the second language to learn in the school. Even in Japan, a lot of words which are formed by “Katakana-English” exist and they are often used as usual, for example “Arubait” (part-time job), “cooler” (air conditioner) and “nighter” (night game). Because of its convenience, English as one language was spread all over the world and lots of people like to use it. However, because of the great population who study English, lots of languages were deleted by English, and many immigrants and natives are required to use English because of protecting their communities.
First, lots of languages in the world were struck off or changed by the wide spread of English. English has become the only official language in lots of countries, for example Canada, Australia and the United States, because of its richness of vocabulary and usefulness in international communication. However, because of increasing the rate of using English, the original language at that place disappeared in some areas all over the world. It is said that more than 1 billion people speak some from English and three-quarters of the world’s mail is in English. (David 1) In addition, according to Salikoko Mufwene who is linguist, “Several linguists fear that within a century or so the total number of languages spoken around the world will be reduced from close 6,700 to around 200.” (Salikoko 1) It was not invaded by only English, but it is clear that these strong countries have invaded many areas and overwritten the original languages into their own languages. The local language is a part of local culture, so that not a few cultures have disappeared or changed by that strong language.
Second, many immigrants and natives are needed to use English, because they have to retain their communities. Today, there are no countries which do not have a communication or association with other countries. Most of countries have a relationship with foreign countries to do trade, interchange and help each other. Every country has to have a way to communicate to other countries, so English as the international language is essential for communication. Moreover, the pressure which a number of countries have to study English increases in order to function in the new world order. David Rohde who is Chiristan Science Monitor said that for the people in many parts of the world who want to retain their culture, English is only a threat and some linguists regard this language as “linguicide.” (David 3) Because of the power of English is too strong, the nation must teach the English as compulsory education. In other words, the nation cannot survive in the future without English.
However, the popularity of English is absolute and stable, and there is no one who believes that English is not necessary for the world. In Japan, the company whose office language is English is increasing rapidly; it suggests that English is indispensable for those companies to try to widen their sphere of activity to the world. While it is true, the spread of English by force beats out something important. Roland J.-L. Breton who is geolinguist and emeritus professor at the University of Paris Ⅷ argued that because of accepting the justification of the advance of English, people tend to forget the deep-rooted relationship between culture and communities, between social and economic mechanisms, and between individual freedom and political (Roland J. 1) It indicates that there is aspect which people often forget returning back to their own cultures by being taught English. If this aspect continues, people who learn English will be able to be as well as American.
To sum up, the English does not affect good for protecting some important languages and cultures. By those who using English increasing, those who use their own languages decreasing is true. It is natural that if there is something prosperous, on the contrary, there must be something declining. Moreover, most of cultures in the world depend a language on the plenty parts of his country. As their own languages decreasing, their cultures must decrease. Finally, language has a compelling power in studying, so it cannot avoid studying it. The people on the earth have to rethink the acquaintances between us and English. (758words)
David, Rohde “As English Spreads, Speakers Morph it into World Tongue.” PBS 2003 http://www.pbs.org/speak/ahead/globalamerican/global
Salikoko, Murwene “Languages Don’t kill Languages; Speakers Do.” University of Chicago Magazine Dec. 2000 http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0012/features/murwene.html
Roland J.-L. Breton “Can English be dethroned?” The UNESCO Courier Mar. 2000 http://www.unesco.org/courier/2000_04/uk/doss11.htm