As you know, the orientalism means the taste in Europe about especially the East Asia. So, there were many oriental cultures coming to Europe old days. But, it doesn’t mean only the taste about the East Asia. By chance, the Asia is sited the east to Europe, so it is called “oriental.” Actually, it means the European egocentric way to think. So it is applicable to the case in the country which was colonized by certain country in Europe. And I’ll present the case of Spain.
Nowadays, what continent is the most effected by Spain? It is of course the Latin America. Except for Brazil, all of country in Latin America use Spanish as the national language. It is because of the conquest and the colonial period by Spain in old days, it is called ”conquistador.” South America was conquered after the conquest of Central America and North America in the 16 century. Spanish led a lot of black slaves from continent of Africa as the hard worker. And so many Spanish kept the Indian mistress. By those reasons, mestizo increased extraordinary, mestizo means the mixed blood between Spanish or Portuguese and Indian. These people are making now Latin America. Because Spanish people used the Indian and slaves so hard for severe work and the war, the number of Indian decreased much. For example in the period of Inca, the 10 million Indian existed in Peru, but in 1796 there are only 1 million 80 thousand Indians in there. By those cruel treatments, many countries held a war of independence. After that, they could get back the nation finally. But, the language didn’t change and pure-blooded Indian decreased much.
Though South America was changed color in many points, these cultures are respected nowadays. They don’t want to return the original culture, and they make good use of the Spanish culture, for example the silver in Argentina and coffee in Peru and Venezuela as the original culture. And, there are no control relation between Spain and these countries, of course. So I think, South America can get out of Spanish orientalism almost perfectly. Because South America is so far from Japan, there is less information than other continents. But there are so many beautiful cultures and important histories, so I want to know them more.